Hunab Kú o Junab K’u

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Popol Mayabʼ

La frase mayense hunab ku o junab k’u significa “un dios”. Aparentemente existió el concepto en el pensamiento de los mayas prehispánicos, aunque rara vez se mencionaba, pero fue naturalmente apropiado por los misioneros cristianos para describir a su dios, y así entró en la literatura maya colonial. (Por ejemplo, la frase no existe en ningún lugar dentro del corpus jeroglífico, ni por lo que sé en algún texto maya “puro” como el Popol Wuj, los libros del Chilam Balam o en el Ritual de los Bacabs.)

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Be a Bystander



I have given my students the power to take direct action to deflect a bully situation by going up the victim (never acknowledge the bully) and tell the victim, “Hey, the teacher is looking for you. Come with me.”

Bystanders have more power than they or we even realize. They have the power to de-escalate a bad situation and help the victim or they can give their power to the bully by remaining silent.

This weekend there have been many dialogues about Nathan Phillips and the students from Covington Catholic Prep. Yet, we can take another look at Nathan Phillips’ actions as a bystander who stood up to do something to mitigate the situation.

This conversation can help us be prepared to facilitate empowering conversations with our students to be the bystanders who will be ready to step up and do the right thing.


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How would you answer the question?

I found this clip from a 2012 HBO program called The Newsroomvideo.
How would you answer the question?
The following was my response when a friend asked me.
Do I create a reality to make myself believe my country is the best? Is it the truth that my country WAS the best?
What has become of my country as I knew it? Is it a wasteland? Can it still be the promise of a bright future?
Why do so many people risk their lives and the lives of their children to come here? Do they not see the reality until it is too late to go back?
There is this part of our culture that has ingrained in us that individualism is inherent. Now individualism has become the thing we fear? How can we say we embrace individualism when we walk arm in arm with xenophobia?
Lately, we have forsaken our self-imposed duty of being big brother to other countries. Why have we succumbed to only being a protective big brother when it is only to our convenience? It feels like anything we do, we precede it by asking, “what’s in it for me?”
We punctuate our singing the national anthem with, “land of the free and home of the brave”, while it is becoming a cemetery riddled with broken hearts and grave filled with hate crimes.
I celebrate how our diversity is very beautiful and full of people who represent the love and friendship that makes us who we are. Nevertheless, we ignore the cancers of racism and classism because we love knowing that ignorance is bliss.
I think we need to roll up our sleeves, cover our heads, and prostrate ourselves in respect, humility, and submission before God.
I think that it is best to speak the truth in love, even if it may hurt for a while.


Creating a Learning Orientation Versus a Performance Orientation

Katie Martin

Professional development gets its fair share of criticism- sometimes it’s because the activities and the strategies don’t connect with the teacher’s classroom or context. Sometimes it’s because it’s adding more rather than helping teachers do what they need to do in their classroom better. But to be fair, there are also times that teachers love the learning and love the professional development, yet it still doesn’t translate to practice. Just think about that conference you went to that you loved, the awesome book you read but haven’t put the ideas into practice, or the session that you really enjoyed but…

There is no shortage of rubrics and frameworks with lots of great ideas and resources, but they often sit unused. They are often created with great ideas and powerful practices, but the content does not change behavior. Learners have to experience something, try and learn through cycles that…

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“It’s time we talk.”


When we had a lull in our quiet evening, my husband told me, “It’s time we talk.” Well actually, he approached me saying, “Tengo que hablar contigo sobre algo grande. Fijate bien lo que te voy a decir.” We are a family that only speaks Spanish at home.

In light of reported fears of an upcoming mass deportation of immigrants, or as also referred to in US History as ‘repatriation’, my husband wanted to update our disaster plan to include what we should do if he is sent back to his birth country. The fear of being separated is real for so many immigrant families. So many of my own students are nervous, while others are silently panicking.

Yes, the fear is real. A 2015 NPR article makes the connection between then Presidential candidate Trump’s proprosal for deportation and the 1929 Repatriation Act.

Yes, the fear is real. Although Born in East LA is a comedy, the 1984 movie prososed the reality of a citizen who is rounded up in a deportation raid and sent to Tijuana.

Yes, the fear is real. There are people who go to Home Depot not with the intent to hire a day laborer, but rather scare the laborers by taking them to immigration.

Yes, the fear is real. Luis, a former student of mine, came to school that one cold morning, crying. His mother never came home from work the night before. Upon investigating, his mother was the passenger in the carpool, when the driver was pulled over. As a result, everyone was deported that same night. Thankfully, his grandparents lived about 30 minutes away, so he went to live with them.

Yes, the fear is real. My husband and I talked openly and have our action plan set. Yet, how many other families take the time to figure out what each person should do in the event of a disaster or life-changing event?